from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Critical study, especially of the Bible, that attends chiefly to the words of the work being examined, exploring their meaning and seeking to establish an accurate text.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the study of existing manuscripts of the Scriptures in order to determine the original text
As against higher criticism.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)