Definitions

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Chem.) A divalent diacyl radical, CH2.(CO)2, from malonic acid.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun organic chemistry, especially in combination The divalent radical CH2(COO-)2 derived from malonic acid

Etymologies

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Examples

  • Anthocyanins are formed from chemical raw materials in the plant, using the amino acid phenylalanine, or another chemical called malonyl coenzyme A.

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  • M. Daniel Lane and colleagues have now focussed on the role of malonyl-CoA in the signalling system in the brain (specifically the hypothalamus) that has inputs into the higher brain centres that determine feeding behaviour, most notably appetite.

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  • Fatty acid synthase (FASN), a multifunctional enzyme that is essential for the endogenous synthesis of long-chain fatty acids from its precursors acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA

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  • FASN is a key enzyme that synthesizes long-chain fatty acids from acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA and is essential for embryonic development.

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  • For FA oxidation to occur, the level of malonyl-CoA, which negatively regulates acyl-CoA transfer to carnitine during transit to the mitochondria, must fall; this is probably accomplished by activation of malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (MCD).

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  • Two papers published in PNAS in 2007 and 2008 showed that glucose and fructose signal in the brain through the malonyl-CoA signaling pathway and have inverse effects on food intake.

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  • In the second step of elongation, butyryl ACP condenses with malonyl ACP to form an acyl ACP compound.

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  • Both of these sugars signal in the brain through the malonyl-CoA signaling pathway and have inverse effects on food intake.

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  • Two papers published in PNAS in 2007 and 2008 showed that glucose and fructose signal in the brain through the malonyl-CoA signaling pathway and have inverse effects on food intake.

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  • Both of these sugars signal in the brain through the malonyl-CoA signaling pathway and have inverse effects on food intake.

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