from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun Cultivation of marine organisms in their natural habitats, usually for commercial purposes.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun The development of the resources of the sea, especially with respect to food-fish: coined in distinction from
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
seawater aquacultureof fish or other sea-creatures
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
But the future is in the sea around us, and mariculture, meaning aquaculture in the open ocean, is increasing, albeit slowly, because of environmental and other constraints.
Yet, such episodes have the potential to cause the most serious ecological risk (primarily for sea birds and mammals) and result in long-term environmental disturbances (mainly in coastal zones) and economic impact on coastal activities (especially on fisheries and mariculture).
It is big in mariculture, e.g., salmon farming, especially in Chile.
Alien species such as the Mediterranean blue mussel have been introduced through ballast water, bilge water and mariculture operations.
Stakeholders in the petroleum industry, the fishing industry, tourism, agriculture, transportation and mariculture all share in the renewable and non-renewable resource base of this LME.
Mangroves are being cleared for mariculture ponds or for salt production.
It should also be realized that aquaculture and mariculture are energy-consuming, rather than energy-producing, processes.
The Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis (TDA) examines the socioeconomic consequences of non-optimal harvesting of living resources, mining and drilling impacts, a hampered mariculture industry, harmful algal blooms, and the variability of the LME.
These nutrients come from the increased use of fertilizers in agriculture, the mariculture industry and from household sewage.
Coastal development activities center on tourism, mariculture and sport fishing.