from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An Orthodox rabbi, or a person appointed or approved by such a rabbi, whose responsibility is to prevent violations of Jewish dietary laws by inspection of slaughterhouses, meat markets, and restaurants where food assumed to be kosher is prepared for the public.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Alternative spelling of mashgiach.
In one responsum (IM YD 2: 44), he justifies hiring a woman as a mashgiah, a position usually reserved for men.
In all cases, a mashgiah, or supervisor, must thoroughly examine every ingredient, process and piece of equipment; on a kosher dinner-cruise ship in New York called the "Glatt Yacht," supervisors blowtorch the ovens for quick purification before each trip.
… When Rabbi Yitzhak Meir Shpernovitz sits in his office toward evening, it is hard to see him as the infamous mashgiah (spiritual supervisor) of the Gur Hasidim's yeshivas, who reportedly terrorizes hundreds and thousands of young boys.
“Heinz wanted something identifiable, but not too Jewish: they didn’t want to antagonize the non-Jewish population,” recalls Abraham Butler, the son of Frank Butler, Heinz’s first mashgiah.