from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. One who miniates or paints with vermilion, as a manuscript; an illuminator; a miniaturist.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The artist who applied this was called a "miniator," and from this, was derived the term "miniature," which later referred to the pictures executed in the developed stages of the art.
At first the "miniator" was charged with tracing in red minium the titles and initials.
In classical times, among the Romans, the "miniator" was simply a person who applied the _minium_, and had nothing to do with pictures or portraits at all, but with the writing.
We call them miniatures, but we must remember that by "miniator" a Roman bookseller would not understand what we call
When we use the word miniature as an art term, it does not mean simply a small picture as it does in ordinary conversation; it means the pictures executed by the hand of an illuminator or _miniator_ of manuscripts, and he is so called from the _minium_ or cinnabar which he used in making colors.