from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Complete paralysis of a single limb, muscle, or muscle group.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Complete paralysis of a single limb (or muscle)
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Paralysis affecting a single limb.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In pathology, paralysis limited to a single part, as of one arm or leg. Compare hemiplegia, paraplegia.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. paralysis of a single limb
Paralysis of a single member or a single group of muscles is known as monoplegia and results from injury to the motor center or to a nerve trunk leading to the part that is involved.
It is not wonderful that symptoms of monoplegia and of limited anæsthesia should be made to disappear by suggestion, but the cure cannot be counted on in any given case, nor is it enduring when it does result.
The paralysis may affect one side of the body -- _hemiplegia_, or both sides -- _diplegia_; less commonly one extremity alone is involved -- _monoplegia_.
In rare cases the whole motor area is destroyed -- _cortical hemiplegia_; more generally the lesion affects one or more groups of muscles, and occasionally all the muscles of one limb are paralysed -- _cortical monoplegia_.
Particular groups of muscles on the side opposite to the lesion may first show spasmodic jerkings or spasms (unilateral monospasm), and later the same groups become paralysed (monoplegia).