from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • conj. And certainly not: "Happiness is an emotion not often spoken of at the magazine, much less experienced” ( Brendan Gill).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • conj. Let alone; to say nothing of.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • Passing over the quarrels regarding the padroado, we must confess that the missions of the East owe much to the munificence of the kings of Portugal, although these were never accepted by the infidel sovereigns as the official protectors of the missionaries, much less of the native Christians.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 12: Philip II-Reuss

  • And nowhere was such a preventable and heartrending scenario more likely to occur than in the economically underprivileged African-American neighborhood of East Ferry in Buffalo, where few could afford regular preventative medical visits, quality medical care, and diagnostic tests for an emerging illness, much less the necessary interventions and medications for treatment.

    The Autoimmune Epidemic

  • Without the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal assembled over the course of many years by its editor Eric P. Jones, my understanding of what happened on the Sea of Tranquility during the Apollo 11 mission would have been much less informed and precise.

    First Man

  • Snapple competes against Minute Maid and Tropicana and not against Arizona Iced tea or Nantucket Nectar, much less all the waters on the market.

    Experiential Marketing

  • Calvin have lost their hold upon men's hearts, the revival of letters is broadening out into a transformation of democracy by means of culture: hic labor, hoc opus; the question of how to reconcile a perfectly-equipped human life with an ascetic religion and the demands of freedom for all, is one which non of the Reformers contemplated, much less did they succeed in resolving it.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 12: Philip II-Reuss

  • He had watched as Bundy, his much less published Harvard colleague, moved to a front-and-center position in the Kennedy White House.

    In the Shadow of the Oval Office

  • "But it has always escaped me why anyone would wish to metabolize alcohol in the first place, much less to do so in the company of strangers who have, perhaps, overmetabolized."


  • As for whether East Ferry presents a disease cluster that will meet the stringent and statistical guidelines for determining an environmentally triggered cluster, it will be some time before the emerging data can be fully quantified, much less published.

    The Autoimmune Epidemic

  • Back then, the little-explored and poorly understood domain of immunology—the study of how the immune system functions in the body—was hardly a bustling field, and few labs existed where a young PhD could go to complete his medical studies in the field, much less support a new wife and coming child.

    The Autoimmune Epidemic

  • Gill's status for his flight was confirmed, his place in the Canadiens lineup for their fourth win-or-play-golf elimination game of these playoffs much less so.

    Winnipeg Sun


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