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- noun organic chemistry, especially in combination A univalent radical derived from
Sorry, no etymologies found.
New research published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology shows that the NOD2 gene is activated by muramyl dipeptide
In the study, scientists from the United States and The Netherlands show that a specific gene called NOD2 triggers arthritis or makes it worse when leftover remnants of bacteria cell walls, called muramyl dipeptide or MDP, are present.
Lopez-Berestein G, Hersh EM, Juliano RL (1982) Uptake of liposomes and liposome-encapsulated muramyl dipeptide by human peripheral blood monocytes.
It can recognize and respond to a component found in the cell wall of bacteria, muramyl dipeptide (MDP), and has been shown to play an important role in the innate immune response of macrophages to bacterial infections.