from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a fungus, Beauveria bassiana, that affects silkworms, their bodies becoming white and covered with spores
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A disease which is very destructive to silkworms, and which sometimes extends to other insects. It is attended by the development of a fungus (provisionally called Botrytis bassiana). Also, the fungus itself.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A fungus, Botrytis Bassiana, the cause of a very destructive disease in silkworms.
- n. The disease produced in silkworms by the muscardine.
- n. The dormouse, Muscardinus avellanarius.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Another fungus, the so-called "green muscardine" (_Isaria destructor_), has been found so deadly to insects that Prof. Metschnikoff, who is experimenting upon it, hopes to extirpate the _Phylloxera_, the Colorado beetle, etc., by its agency.
Weismann suggests that the morbid condition of the nervous system may be due to some infection such as might arise from microbes, which find a home in the mutilated and disordered nervous system in the parent, and subsequently transmit themselves to the offspring through the reproductive elements, as the infections of various diseases appear to do -- the muscardine silkworm disease in particular being known to be conveyed to offspring in this manner.
The silkworm had been previously attacked by muscardine, a disease proved by Bassi to be caused by a vegetable parasite.
Biological method, involves the use of natural predators such as earwig, green muscardine fungus, and white muscardine fungus to paralyze and eventually kill the pest.
Such a transference of microbes is believed to occur in syphilis and tuberculosis, and has been ascertained to occur in the case of the muscardine silkworm disease. [