from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun One of the divisions of the Triassic system as developed in Germany, occupying a position between the Keuper and Bunter. See Triassic.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Geol.) A kind of shell limestone, whose strata form the middle one of the three divisions of the Triassic formation in Germany. See Chart, under geology.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • Lower Trias, comprising mountain limestone, the coal measures, the lower new red sandstone, and the magnesian limestone; (3) the Upper Trias, composing the bunter, or variegated sandstone, the muschelkalk, and the

    The World's Greatest Books — Volume 15 — Science

  • Formations of quartzose porphyry, pyroxenic porphyry and trachyte, of grauwacke, muschelkalk and quadersandstein, which are frequent towards the west, have not yet been seen in Venezuela; but it may be also observed that in the system of secondary rocks of the old continent muschelkalk and quadersandstein are not always clearly developed, and are often, by the frequency of their marls, confounded with the lower layers of Jura limestone.

    Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America

  • It is, manifestly, the magnesian limestone of Conybeare and Phillips, or muschelkalk of the Germans.

    Memoirs of 30 Years with the Indian Tribes on the American Frontiers

  • Limestone of Gottingen or muschelkalk alternating towards the top with white sandstone or brittle sandstein.

    Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America

  • However difficult it may be to distinguish separately the strata of marl and clay belonging to variegated sandstone, muschelkalk, quadersandstein, Jura limestone, secondary sandstone with lignites (green and iron sand) and the tertiary strata lying above chalk, I believe that the bitumen which everywhere accompanies gem-salt, and most frequently salt-springs, characterizes the muriatiferous clay of the peninsula of Araya and the island of Marguerita, as linked with formations lying below the tertiary strata.

    Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America

  • The muschelkalk is almost a lias with encrinites; and quadersandstein (for there are doubtless many above the lias or limestone with gryphites) seems to me to represent the arenaceous layers of the lower shelves of Jura limestone.

    Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America

  • According to the opinions now most generally received, the rock of the Penas Negras may be considered as representing muschelkalk (limestone of Gottingen); and the saliferous and bituminous clay of Araya, as representing variegated sandstone; but these problems can only be solved when the mines of those countries are worked.

    Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America

  • The gem-salt oscillates from zechstein to muschelkalk. (d)

    Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America

  • Sometimes gem-salt appears to oscillate between variegated sandstone and muschelkalk.

    Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America

  • {97} The specimens found in the muschelkalk are allied to the crocodile and lizard tribes of the present day, but in the latter instance are upon a scale of magnitude as much superior to present forms as the lepidodendron of the coal era was superior to the dwarf club-mosses of our time.

    Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation


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