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In that important but somewhat subsidiary sense, the collapse spelt the failure of many of the reductivist projects typically ascribed to Viennese neopositivism (but see section 3.3 below).
While the Vienna Circle's early form of logical empiricism (or logical positivism or neopositivism: these labels will be used interchangably here) no longer represents an active research program, recent history of philosophy of science has unearthed much previously neglected variety and depth in the doctrines of the Circle's protagonists, some of whose positions retain relevance for contemporary analytical philosophy.
Recent scholarship has provided what the received view of Viennese neopositivism lacks: recognition and documentation of the sometimes sharply differentiated positions behind the generic surface.
This is how existentialism and almost all varieties of neopositivism, from physicalism to logical linguistics, reached Lithuania even before independence.