from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A declaration to play a hand without a trump suit in bridge and other card games.
- n. A hand played without a trump suit.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A declaration, in bridge and similar games, that a hand is to be played without a trump suite.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In bridge, the declaration to play without any trump suit, each trick being worth 12 points: the most valuable declaration. See bridge, n.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a version of contract bridge in which no suit is designated as trump for the duration of the hand
Sorry, no etymologies found.
That was a frightfully clever four no-trump call of yours. '
Maker_, "he winked," will be tucked safely away in some quiet corner, and you scientific fellows can devote all your attention to your beloved bridge, while I bid up The Hague Conference for a no-trump hand.
Four honours in hearts are to be preferred to any but a very strong no-trump declaration; but four aces counting 100 points constitute a no-trump declaration without exception.
The following signals are however, used, and are of great trick-making value: playing an unnecessarily high card, whether to one's partner's suit or in discarding in a no-trump declaration, indicates strength in the suit; in a suit declaration a similar method of play indicates two only of the suit and a desire to ruff, -- it is best used in the case of a king led by one's partner.
If in a no-trump hand the partners conjointly hold 3 aces, they score 30 for honours; if 4 aces, 40 for honours. 4 aces in 1 hand count 100.
When the dealer has a choice of declarations, a sound heart make is to be preferred to a doubtful no-trump.
After the deal is completed, the dealer makes the trump or no-trump (_sans atout_) declaration, or passes the choice to his partner without remark.
_ -- In a no-trump declaration the main object is to bring in a long suit.
If, then, a player holds six trumps with an average hand as regards the rank of his cards, or five trumps with a hand of no-trump strength, it is highly probable that he is as strong as the declarer.
Each trick above 6 counts 2 points in a spade declaration, 4 in a club, 6 in a diamond, 8 in a heart, 12 in a no-trump declaration.