from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- adjective virology Without a viral envelope.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
In the lab, writes its inventor, Todd Rider of MIT's Lincoln Laboratory, "we have demonstrated that Dracos are effective against viruses with DNA, dsRNA, positive-sense ssRNA, and negative-sense ssRNA genomes; enveloped and nonenveloped viruses; viruses that replicate in the cytoplasm and viruses that replicate in the nucleus; human, bat and rodent viruses; and viruses that use a variety of cellular receptors."
Other methods that result in inactivation of picornaviruses and other nonenveloped viruses include sodium hypochlorite, formaldehyde, and proteinase K.
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are nonenveloped viruses with a double-stranded circular DNA genome