from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun The absorption of electromagnetic radiation of a specific frequency by an atomic nucleus placed in a strong magnetic field, used especially to analyze tissues of the body in magnetic resonance imaging.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun (Physics) The specific absorption and re-emission of electromagnetic radiation at characteristic wavelengths by atomic nuclei in a magnetic field. It is abbreviated
NMR. The wavelength of the radiation absorbed depends on the type of nucleus, the intensity of the magnetic field, and the local chemical environment in which the nucleus resides. It is the latter effect (called the chemical shift), by which atoms of specific elements in different chemical compounds show a different resonance frequency, which gives rise to the greatest utility of this phenomenon in analyzing the chemical structure of substances. Similar effects of the chemical environment permit the discrimination of different types of living tissue by virtue of their different chemical composition, thus permitting utilization of the phenomenon in medical diagnostic instruments, especially for magnetic resonance imaging.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun physics The
absorptionof electromagnetic radiation( radio waves), at a specific frequency, by an atomic nucleusplaced in a strong magnetic field; used in spectroscopyand in magnetic resonance imaging.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun resonance of protons to radiation in a magnetic field
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