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- n. A type of argument proposed by a number of philosophers, including St. Anselm and Descartes, which maintains that the existence of God can be deduced from an analysis of the concept of God.
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St. Anselm's ontological argument tries to establish an existential proposition without reference to experience; it confounds the order of things with the order of ideas.
Kant's attempt to stigmatize the deduction of infinity from self-existence as a return to the ontological argument, was a failure; for our deduction starts from the actually existing God, not from mere ideas, as the ontological argument does.