Definitions

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  • n. Plural form of osmolyte.

Etymologies

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Examples

  • Alongside ion channels for the fluxes of osmolytes, water channels would be crucial for sperm volume regulation.

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  • SM-A87 accumulates organic osmolytes in the cell, so its extracelluar proteins are more halophilic than its intracellular proteins.

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  • Since the resulting increase in intracellular ionic strength is harmful for the function of cellular components, cells synthesize chaperones, such as Hsp70, as well as enzymes and transporters whose collective function is to increase the intracellular concentration of compatible organic osmolytes to normalize the ionic strength of the intracellular fluid

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  • Ferraris JD (2008) Intracellular organic osmolytes: Function and regulation.

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  • NFAT5 regulates the adaptation of mammalian cells to hypertonic stress by inducing the expression of osmoprotective gene products that include chaperones and a number of enzymes and transporters, such as aldose reductase (AR), whose collective function is to increase the intracellular concentration of compatible organic osmolytes that allow cells to adapt and survive in a hypertonic environment

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  • For instance, it has been reported that overaccumulation of organic osmolytes in cells not subjected to osmotic stress can be toxic

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  • The genes responsible for the synthesis and uptake of several compatible solutes (osmolytes), such as ectABC for ectoine biosynthesis, bccT and betABI for the transport of betaine, as well as proVWX for the uptake and transport of proline and glycine betaine, which often reside on the genome of halophilic bacteria, are absent in EIB202.

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  • In addition, quantitative spectroscopic methods were used to identify the organic and inorganic osmolytes responsible for generating the turgor pressures that drive spore discharge.

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  • [13] and Hspa4l / Osp94 [14], and enzymes and transporters that increase the intracellular concentration of compatible osmolytes, such as aldose reductase (AR), the Na

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