from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The quality of being outward.
  • n. The result or product of being outward.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. concern with outward things or material objects (esp the body and its appearance) as opposed to the mind or the spirit or ideal concepts.
  • n. the quality or state of being outside or directed toward or relating to the outside or exterior.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The state of being outward; objectivity; externality.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a concern with or responsiveness to outward things (especially material objects as opposed to ideal concepts)
  • n. concern with outward things or material objects as opposed to the mind and spirit
  • n. the quality or state of being outside or directed toward or relating to the outside or exterior


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From outward +‎ -ness.


  • A Deweyan representation of the reading experience (the experience of art in general) would balance the inwardness Birkerts evokes with an outwardness that also seeks satisfaction in the perception of form and style.

    The Reading Experience

  • Though an ostensibly democratic space, rarely so “exclusive” that it will turn away business, the gym presents a sheltered environment, designed to produce in its visitors more inwardness than outwardness; despite your body being on display and your having to heave and sweat, both externalizing forces, the mood proper to the gym is more introvert than extrovert.


  • But our spirituality DOES deeply need openings and pauses and receptivity to flourish, this is just as "spiritual" as outwardness and activity.

    Taking Time To Reflect

  • It marks a new outwardness on the part of the Canadian business community and a new awareness about a major potential market, especially concerning energy, technology, transportation, urban development and engineering services.

    Communicating in the New North American Market

  • My faith begins with this man who lived 2,000 years ago and who was a man for others and whose life demonstrated a grace, demonstrated an outwardness toward others that informs the whole of our existence.

    Oral History Interview with J. Randolph Taylor, May 23, 1985. Interview C-0021. Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007)

  • This has put us in the forefront of the Race's outwardness; but it has also brought us closest to the unknowns of worlds never ours.

    A Circus of Hells

  • In families, the presence of these exotics was a godsend to the children, supplying from the abundant outwardness and demonstrativeness of their nature that aliment of sympathy so dear to childhood, which the repressed and quiet habits of New England education denied.

    The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 03, No. 16, February, 1859

  • If he writes with wide-eyed wonder at the simpler marvels of life, it is in the manner of Blake in _Songs of Innocence_, where outwardness of manner and lyrical simplicity leave an impression of something unearthly in its strangeness.

    Personality in Literature

  • Is the picture of a friend, and as pictures flatter many times, so he oft shews fairer than the true substance: his look, conversation, company, and all the outwardness of friendship more pleasing by odds, for a true friend dare take the liberty to be sometimes offensive, whereas he is a great deal more cowardly, and will not let the least hold go, for fear of losing you.

    Microcosmography or, a Piece of the World Discovered; in Essays and Characters

  • This outwardness tended to create certain vices of character.

    Christianity and Ethics A Handbook of Christian Ethics


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