from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining to or valid for all subjects of experience. See the extract.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The further subdivision must be the same for both groups -- that which is merely individual and that which is 'overindividual'; we prefer the latter term to the word 'general,' to indicate at once that not a numerical but a teleological difference is in question.
The overindividual phenomena are, of course, the physical objects, the individual phenomena the psychical objects, the overindividual purposes are the norms, the individual purposes are the acts which constitute the historical world.
A phenomenon is given to overindividual consciousness if it is experienced with the understanding that it can be an object for every one whom we acknowledge as subject; and a purpose is given to overindividual will in so far as it is conceived as ultimately belonging to every subject which we acknowledge.
And if an overindividual purpose cannot be denied, it follows that there is a community of individual subjects whose phenomena cannot be absolutely different: there must be an objective world of overindividual objects.
The general theory of the overindividual purposes is metaphysics; the special overindividual acts are those which constitute the normative volitions, connected in the philosophy of morals, the philosophy of state and the philosophy of law, those which constitute the normative thoughts and finally those which constitute the normative appreciations and beliefs, connected in æsthetics and the philosophy of religion.
Whoever denies overindividual reality finds himself in the world of phenomena a solipsist and in the world of purposes a sceptic: there is no objective physical world, everything is my idea, and there is no objective value, no truth, no morality, everything is my individual decision.
Life as activity divides itself then into different purposes which we discriminate not by knowledge but by immediate feeling; one of them is knowledge, that is, the effort to make life, its attitudes, its means and ends a connected system of overindividual value.