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- v. Simple past tense and past participle of palatize.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The consonant clusters cs, zs, and sz are all consistent in hungarian in that the first indicates voicing and the second element indicates whether it's palatized or not.
Sometimes this prefix becomes palatized into _By-_ or even _T [vs] - _ (_C-_).
However, silent "e" has a second function, to indicate when a final consonant sound is supposed to be palatized, e.g. wag - > wage.
The letter form for the approximant Y derives from this palatization mark, as the Y sound is inherent in all palatized consonants.
A "palatization mark" can be added to any of these consonants to indicate that the sound is palatized, or that the middle of the tongue is raised toward the palate, as in "cute", "tune" and "pure".
"dg" on the end of a, English word is always palatized (it's really just a substitute for "j", which never ever ends written English words barring imports like "raj"), so there's no need to mark it.