from The Century Dictionary.
- noun The palate; the roof of the mouth, including both the bony and the membranous or hard and soft parts.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
And, indeed, as  Scaliger observes, nothing more invites a reader than an argument unlooked for, unthought of, and sells better than a scurrile pamphlet, tum maxime cum novitas excitat  palatum.
Si longa est, debet sonus ipse intra palatum sonare, ut si dices _orator_, quasi intra sonat, intra palatum.
Quando vis exprimere quia brevis est, primis labris sonat; quando exprimis longam, intra palatum sonat.
The Hard Palate (palatum durum) (Fig. 1014) is bounded in front and at the sides by the alveolar arches and gums; behind, it is continuous with the soft palate.
The Soft Palate (palatum molle) (Fig. 1014) is a movable fold, suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate, and forming an incomplete septum between the mouth and pharynx.
The Palate (palatum) forms the roof of the mouth; it consists of two portions, the hard palate in front, the soft palate behind.
Now, Monsieur le Marquis is not ignorant of the opinion of the ancients on the excessive use of wine during meals; it blunts the taste -- _ersurdant vina palatum_!