from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Plural form of palenque.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
During the XVIII and XIX Centuries, some peripheral places were used as shelter sites ( "palenques") by runaway slaves.
The environment made it easy for Africans, brought in the 16th century and forced to work in the mines, to form palenques -- or free communities of escaped slaves -- far beyond the Colonial heel.
In fact, by 1980, this dusty one-horse-town had about 360 palenques [the facility where the agave plant (maguey) is processed until mezcal slowly drips out of the still] each producing about 2,800 liters monthly.
The first documented slave rebellion in Mexico occurred in 1537; this was followed by the establishment of various runaway slave settlements called "palenques."
Different from dozens of other palenques that were vanquished, this community has successfully fended off threats to its existence to this day.