from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A biological specimen other than a holotype used for the development of the original description of a taxonomic group.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A specimen of an organism that is used as the basis of a taxonomic description

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In zoology, a specimen of the original series from which a single specimen, or holotype, has been selected as the type of a species.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • Under ‘holotype’ they wrote ‘Adult male in photograph (Fig. 2)’, with a ‘paratype’ being described as ‘Adult in photograph (Fig. 3)’ (p. 1162).

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  • The holotype of Idyla aydinensis and a paratype with the palatal wall of aperture removed.

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  • The stream from which the single paratype was obtained had brown water and was of low pH

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  • Mostly relative dating based on matching cranium and the paratype maxilla plus 34 specimens - mammalian fossils found in the caves with fossils from three mandible fragments, a maxilla fragment and isolated absolutely dated sites in East Africa.

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