from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Having given birth one or more times.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Having given birth.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Having brought forth offspring; specifically, noting a woman during the child-bearing period who has already had one or more labors.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. having given birth to one or more viable children


From -parous.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Ultimately from Latin pariō ("I give birth"). (Wiktionary)


  • The development of the follicles, however, remains imperfect, except in the parous female.

    XI. Splanchnology. 3d. 6. The Mammæ

  • Bearing in mind these varieties of congenital development in relation to the respective condition of virginity, or sterile or parous married life, the mode of occurrence and of progress of disease grows on the physician's mind, and there is no more occasion for bewilderment than to the mathematician studying conic sections, when his knowledge has grown from the basis of the science.

    Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume 6 Sex in Relation to Society

  • Basically, jaundice is a yellowing of the skin and Risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and cholangiocarcinoma in Taiwanese parous women with chronic hepatitis B virus infection New data presented today at the International Liver CongressTM 2010 found a Medicine shows that the test most commonly used to screen pediatric patients for chronic liver disease is often incorrectly interpreted in ... - Articles related to Finance needed for Asia chronic illness cost:experts

  • This leaves us with the final possibility that parous females simulate oestrus in order to demonstrate towards which males the oestrus behaviours are most appropriately directed.

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  • The coincidence between the two parous females concerned a mother and daughter pairing.

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  • We aim to determine when parous female elephants are most likely to exhibit false oestrus, and compare the pattern of false oestrus events against predictions made by several alternative hypotheses, in an attempt to establish the most likely explanation for the occurrence of false oestrus in African elephants.

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  • We therefore find no difference in the performance of nulliparous females whether their oestrus event coincided with false oestrus of a parous relative or not.

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  • That is, do parous females display false oestrus behaviours to coincide with the first occasions that young, nulliparous females come into oestrus, in order to provide information?

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  • Of the 10 coincidences between nulliparous and parous females, the parous female was the mother of the nulliparous female in four cases, an older sister in two cases, and the matriarch of the family in four cases.

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  • Due to the unequal sample sizes of the three nulliparous female group conditions (A: only female in family group exhibiting oestrus (n = 251); B: oestrus coincided with a genuine oestrus of a parous female relative (n = 11); C: oestrus coincided with a false oestrus event of a parous female relative (n = 10)), we used non-parametric independent-samples statistics.

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