from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In the West Indies, the keeper of the farm and animals on a plantation; one who has care of the estate or pen. See pen, n., 4, and the extract under pen-keeping.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • We finally settled that, when the plough should be introduced on my estate (which I am very, anxious to accomplish, and substitute the labour of oxen for that of negroes, wherever it can possibly be done), Prince should be instructed in farming business; and, in the meanwhile, should officiate as a pen-keeper to look after the cattle.

    Journal of a Residence among the Negroes in the West Indies


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