from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The next to the last item in a series.
- n. The next to the last syllable in a word.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The next-to-last syllable of a word.
- n. The next to the last in a series.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The last syllable but one of a word; the syllable preceding the final one.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Next to the last; penultimate.
- n. The last syllable of a word but one.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the next to last syllable in a word
If the penult is short, the antepenult is accented provided it be long: Sansthā́naka.
Noel Coward was partial to this, forever rhyming on the ante-penult.
The scientists made the measured cautious statement on page 1294 col 2 penult para of their paper “Thus, proxy-derived series suggest that twentieth century warming is unique in the last millennium for both its mean value and probably for its rapidity of change.”
Of or relating to the penult of a word: penultimate stress.
When the last syllable has a short vowel, such a penult, if accented, takes the circumflex.
Third Declension which have a short penult in the Genitive; as, segĕs
These Genitives accent the penult, even when it is short.
Words of more than two syllables are accented upon the penult (next to the last) if that is a long syllable, otherwise upon the antepenult (second from the last); as, amā´vī, amántis, míserum.
In such words the accent stands upon the penult, even though that be short.
In utră´que, _each_, and plēră´que, _most_, - que is not properly an enclitic; yet these words accent the penult, owing to the influence of their other cases, -- utérque, utrúmque, plērúmque.