from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The study of the action or effects of drugs on living organisms.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The branch of pharmacology that studies the effects and modes of action of drugs upon the body.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The action of drugs on living organisms. Also pharmacology.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Need pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics examples …
As the paper says, the pKa, and in particular the ionic state of a molecule at physiological pH, affects pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.
When they get the stuff to dissolve, it's given to mice or rats, and pharmacologists study where the drug goes (pharmacokinetics, PK) and biologists look to see if it's doing what it's supposed to do (pharmacodynamics, PD).
This concept of healing, I feel, is to be left to the herbs 'self pharmacodynamics and only to be catalysed by man's intelligence.
Dr. Cournand will touch on an important field, viz. the pharmacodynamics of the lung, and especially of the pulmonary circulation.
In April 2011, we initiated dosing in an exploratory clinical study, double-masked, randomized, cross-over study of 28 patients, at a single site, to assess the pharmacodynamics of unoprostone isopropyl on ocular blood flow.
Announced results from a pharmacodynamics trial evaluating pulmonary artery pressure in healthy volunteers using echocardiogram.
The study was designed to determine the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of single ascending doses of NKTR-181.
Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics were measured through serial blood samples and observations of cold pressor test response, as well as pupillometry to determine opioid-induced miosis of drug effect and exposure over time.
The pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial is designed as an outpatient study of the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics ("PK") and pharmacodynamics ("PD") of every 12-hour DR Cysteamine compared to every 6-hour immediate-release cysteamine bitartrate in cystinosis patients.