from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Of or relating to the mind.
  • adjective Anatomy Of or relating to the diaphragm.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • In anatomy, of or pertaining to the diaphragm; diaphragmatic: as, a phrenic artery, vein, or nerve.
  • Inferior, two small branches of the abdominal aorta.
  • Superior, a slender branch from each internal mammary. Also called comes nervi phrenici.
  • noun A mental disease; also, a medicine or remedy for such a disease.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the diaphragm; diaphragmatic.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective anatomy Of or pertaining to the diaphragm
  • adjective physiology Relating to the mind or mental activity

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adjective of or relating to the diaphragm


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From New Latin phrenicus.


  • In clinical research on the product, which has yet to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration, 13% of 228 U.S. and Canadian patients experienced a complication called phrenic nerve palsy.

    Mixed Views on Heart Device

  • In order to survive any kind of phrenic progression she had to first destroy what was.

    The Dreaming Void

  • The company said Thursday that U.S. implanting centers can qualify for a full refund if they have to replace a certain Boston Scientific defibrillator with a competing device because of a unmanageable "chronic phrenic nerve stimulation."

    Boston Scientific Steps Up Campaign

  • Dr. Fisher, who specializes in treating heart-rhythm problems, said that with an injury to the phrenic nerve, "some patients are very bothered, just can't catch their breath and may have limited physical ability."

    Mixed Views on Heart Device

  • The phrenic nerve controls the diaphragm, which in turn regulates breathing.

    Mixed Views on Heart Device

  • Cooper's left lung was partially collapsed because of phrenic nerve damage that causes paralysis in the diaphragm, Smith said, adding that he is on disability for the ailment, which could render him permanently disabled.

    Paramedic is honored for helping to save her fiance's life

  • Medtronic said that in its U.S. study, 29 out of 228 patients who had a total of 259 ablation procedures, had phrenic nerve damage following Arctic Front treatment.

    Mixed Views on Heart Device

  • He said phrenic-nerve injury will decrease as doctors grow accustomed to using the device.

    Mixed Views on Heart Device

  • The first paper from him on the subject dealt with action currents in the phrenic nerve.

    Herbert S. Gasser - Biography

  • D. Aorta, with left vagus and phrenic nerves crossing its transverse arch.

    Surgical Anatomy


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