from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A bitter crystalline compound, C30H34O13, derived from the seed of an East Indian woody vine (Animirta cocculus) and used as a stimulant, especially in treating barbiturate poisoning.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A poisonous material, extracted from the seeds of the Anamirta cocculus, used as a stimulant; it is a complex of two alkaloids - picrotoxinin and picrotin
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A bitter white crystalline substance found in the cocculus indicus. It is a peculiar poisonous neurotic and intoxicant, and consists of a mixture of several neutral substances.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A bitter poisonous principle which exists in the seeds of Anamirta Cocculus (A. paniculata), from which it is extracted by the action of water and alcohol.
A crystalline, poisonous, narcotic principle called picrotoxin, has been detected in these seeds, and occasionally employed externally in some cutaneous diseases.
The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom Considered in Their Various Uses to Man and in Their Relation to the Arts and Manufactures; Forming a Practical Treatise & Handbook of Reference for the Colonist, Manufacturer, Merchant, and Consumer, on the Cultivation, Preparation for Shipment, and Commercial Value, &c. of the Various Substances Obtained From Trees and Plants, Entering into the Husbandry of Tropical and Sub-tropical Regions, &c.
Cocculus indicus contains picrotoxin, which is an "acrid narcotic poison;" from five to ten grains will kill a strong dog.
Now, Itay Baruchi and Eshel Ben-Jacob of Tel Aviv University in Israel have taught new firing patterns to a network of neurons by targeting specific points of the network with a chemical called picrotoxin.
Now Itay Baruchi and Eshel Ben-Jacob of Tel Aviv University in Israel have taught new firing patterns to a network of neurons by targeting specific points of the network with a chemical called picrotoxin.
Hot water will now dissolve out _picrotoxin_, _colchicin_, and _digitalin_, but not cantharidin.
Contains a poisonous active principle, picrotoxin; used to adulterate beer, and by poachers to stupefy fish.
It contains an active principle, _cicutoxin_, which in some respects is allied to strychnine and picrotoxin.
The fruit contains the highly toxic principle _picrotoxin_, and others as follows:
_Picrotoxinin_ exists in picrotoxin in the proportion of 32 to 100, and may be separated by boiling in benzine.
Sixty-six per cent. of _picrotoxin_ consists of another bitter substance, non-poisonous -- _picrotin_, which is insoluble in benzine and is reduced by Fehling's solution and nitrate of silver.