from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A pattern of coloration.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Pattern of coloration.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In zoology, the pattern of coloration; the mode or style of coloring of an animal. Pictura differs from coloration in noting the disposition and effect of coloring, not the color itself.
- n. The art of painting; style of painting.
The historical interdependence of linguistic and visual figures, articulated in Horace's Art of Poetry, thrives in Alberti's definition of istoria in De pictura and in Castiglione's self-deprecating description of the Book of the Courtier as a "picture" by a "humble painter" (from the dedicatory letter to Lord Dom Miguel de Silva, bishop of Viseu).
Note 13: In the first passage of De pictura, Alberti borrows a Ciceronian proverb (from De amicitia 5.16) concerning the "coarse senses of Minerva" to distinguish the sensate knowledge of a painter from a mathematician's abstract mensurations (see Kemp, "Introduction," 12).
In De pictura, Alberti is as concerned with what should be depicted in a work, its subject or historia, as with its instrumental execution.
Note 17: In a fall 2000 lecture at New York University, Lina Bolzoni used this phrase in discussing the tradition of ut pictura poesis.
The orthography of the quattrocento musical score is akin to the reticulation of the velo, in which a view (prospettiva) was subdivided into quadrants of information that could more easily be translocated by an artisan from a sketch to a finished work, as Alberti recommends in De pictura.
Note 312: In De pictura, Alberti stresses the influence of paintings on human memory: Through painting, the faces of the dead go on living for a very long time.
It is cited frequently in Alberti's De pictura and would be translated into Italian by Alberti's protégé, Cristofero Landino (see Grayson's translation of De pictura, 98n12).
As such, the pictura offered apertures for entry into thought.
The tradition of ut pictura poesis, described in Horace's Art of Poetry, and Aristotle's mimesis historia, the imitation of human events discussed in Poetics, is embedded in Alberti's articulation of istoria.
In the second book of De pictura, Alberti forms an analogy between painting and writing, comparing design with plot and colors with characters.