Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A Mediterranean pine tree (Pinus pinaster) having a characteristic pyramidal form and needles clustered in fascicles of two.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A species of pine (Pinus pinaster) growing in southern Europe.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A species of pine (Pinus Pinaster) growing in Southern Europe.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The cluster-pine. See pine.

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Latin, wild pine, from pīnus, pine; see pine1.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Latin, from pinus a pine.

Examples

  • Relict pine (Pinus pinaster) forest stands occur on rocky and dry slopes, where they compose mixed pine/oak formations.

    Northwest Iberian montane forests

  • Reforestations with non-native species, Pinus pinaster and Eucalyptus globulus, are widespread at mid-altitudes.

    Madeira evergreen forests

  • In the past Pinus halepensis and Pinus pinaster were found in natural habitats but are only found in plantations today, together with other exotic species such as Eucalypus, Acacia and Alnus.

    Aeolian Islands, Italy

  • These are covered by both natural and planted forests of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster).

    Atlantic mixed forests

  • Sand dune systems occur along the southwestern coast of France, the region known as Les Landes, covered by both natural and planted forests of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster).

    Atlantic mixed forests

  • The stone pine (Pinus pinea) and maritime pine (Pinus pinaster), both well adapted to sand and siliceous rocky substrates, are dominant on sandy soils such as the North Castile inland sand dunes of the Iberian plateaus, mainly in the northern part of the ecoregion.

    Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests

  • Pinus pinaster has become significant in the Galician and Portuguese coastal sand dunes and rocky dry slopes.

    Cantabrian mixed forests

  • In the medium elevations mesophyllous pine forests (Pinus pinaster) spreads widely, and mixed deciduous forests (Quercus pubescens, Q. petraea, Ostrya carpinifolia, Alnus cordata, Castanea sativa) are locally abundant, such as in the North-eastern Castagniccia Mountains.

    Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests

  • Pinus pinaster subsp. hamiltonii var. Maghrebiana characterizes certain highly diverse mixed oak and pine forest stands, which spread in the low elevations of the Algerian coastal Kabilye in a humid and warm climate.

    Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests

  • One of the richest places of floral endemism in Europe, this region is home to such species as Salzmann pine (Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii), Scotch pine (P. sylvestris), and maritime pine (P. pinaster).

    Iberian conifer forests

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