from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An enterovirus, separable into three serotypes, that is the causative agent of poliomyelitis.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A human enterovirus of the Picornaviridae family that causes poliomyelitis.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the virus causing poliomyelitis
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The WHO wants to eradicate poliovirus from the wild, but anyone with a bachelor's degree in molecular biology, a bit of money, and some time would be able to rebuild it from scratch.
Burnet isolated a strain of poliovirus from a case which he showed was serologically unrelated to the Flexner strain; this was the first indication that there was more than one serotype of poliovirus.
RNA viruses such as poliovirus have high mutation rates, and a diverse virus population is required for full virulence.
This is from their statement:If all ongoing testing for polio cases through January 13th continues to yield negative results, India will be declared by the World Health Organisation to have interrupted transmission of indigenous wild poliovirus, laying the groundwork for its removal from the polio-endemic countries list, shared with Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Nigeria.
Here is all the information one needs to roll your own poliovirus.
Because of Cutter's failure to completely inactivate the virus in their vaccine, 120,000 children were inadvertently injected with live, dangerous poliovirus; 40,000 developed mild polio, 200 were permanently paralyzed, and 10 were killed.
But much has changed since then, and this Friday will mark a full year since the last case of wild poliovirus was detected in India.
OPV – The oral polio vaccine is made from live, weakened poliovirus.
IPV – The inactivated polio vaccine is made from poliovirus that has been treated chemically so that it cannot reproduce or cause disease.
Meningitis and paralysis occur when the poliovirus infects the central nervous system.