from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A priest in various hierarchical churches.
- n. A teaching elder in the Presbyterian Church.
- n. A ruling elder in the Presbyterian Church.
- n. An elder of the congregation in the early Christian church.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A priest in various churches.
- n. An elder of the Presbyterian church.
- n. An elder of the congregation in early Christianity.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. An elder in the early Christian church. See 2d Citation under Bishop, n., 1.
- n. One ordained to the second order in the ministry; -- called also priest.
- n. A member of a presbytery whether lay or clerical.
- n. A Presbyterian.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An elder; a priest; specifically, in hierarchic churches, a minister of the second order, between the bishop and the deacon.
- n. In zoology, a monkey of the genus Presbytes.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an elder in the Presbyterian Church
The term presbyter is undoubtedly an honorific title, while that of episcopus primarily indicates the function performed.
The term presbyter was of common use in the Jewish Church, as denoting the "rulers" of the synagogue (cf. Luke, xiii, 14).
“Priest” comes from the Greek word presbyter, which means “elder.”
He infers far too much from the fact that the titles presbyter and bishop are synonymous in the New Testament, relying chiefly on an ordinance concerning the election of bishops of the Alexandrian Church, which prescribed that, in accordance with an ancient tradition the college of presbyters should always choose and consecrate one of its own number.
The designation presbyter, it is suggested, may have been given to all those who were recognized as having a claim to some voice in directing the affairs of the community, whether this were based on official status, or social rank, or benefactions to the local Church, or on some other ground; while those presbyters who had received the laying on of hands would be known, not simply as
V, 24) states that a certain Macedonian presbyter,
In this passage of the historian St. Lawrence is referred to as presbyter, in distinction to Peter who is called monachus.
It is this name presbyter (elder) which has passed into the Christian speech to signify the minister of
For with St. Paul a bishop and a presbyter are the same thing, as St. Jerome also confirms.
Jerome, in giving an account of the writings of John the evangelist, speaks also of another John, called the presbyter, to whom some ascribed the second and third epistles under the name of John.