from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. That immediately precedes a stressed syllable
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Preceding the accent.
This same form explains the derivative in Hittite, kinartállas, whose accent I presume lies on the syllable just after the foreign stem kinar- in order to explain the alternation of a and i in spelling ie. a reduced pretonic vowel perhaps?
There's no guarantee that he's correct and there is no clear consensus on the issue so far, so let's assume instead that Kortlandt's formulation of Winter's Law is hiding a different reality, that Winter's Law is a rule that governs pretonic syllables only3.
In early Late IE, I've already felt the need to propose an extra low-front vowel *ä that arises just before Syncope due to a deletion of some pretonic laryngeals e.g. late MIE *mᵊxéd̰ᵊ- early Late IE *mäd̰- PIE *mad- "to be moist, to be drunk".
I propose that the unstressed pretonic syllable *qaw- in the Proto-Semitic word was already misheard as a labialized creaky-voiced velar *gʷ when it was borrowed into Mid IE.
Miguel claims that Toshihiro Shintani discovered that it was merely the pretonic nature of Winter's Law itself that provoked Latvian's Brechton the German name for "broken tone".
Then, when this shift had completely gone through and pretonic *a *e; Reduplication developed again, but this time the result of the again inserted schwa was different resulting in *i.