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  • "By holding so-called 'pro-forma' sessions, Republicans deprive the president of the ability to make a recess appointment." - Top Stories

  • At least one senator has been showing up every few days for what's called a pro-forma session, a tactical move employed back when President Bush was in office, and now by Senate Republicans, to block a recess appointment by not technically recessing.


  • It estimated its ratio of pro-forma net debt to earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization at approximately 2.5 times at June 30, 2011, and about 2 times as of Dec. 31, 2011.

    Meggitt to Buy PSA for $685 Million

  • Restated to take into account the impact of the IFRS5 accounting rule, Ebitda last year stood at €9.56 billion, while excluding the effect of transactions completed in the last 12 months, Ebitda in the first half last year stood at €8.14 billion on a pro-forma basis.

    EDF Profit Rises With Nuclear Output

  • "On a pro-forma basis, we see the acquisition adding a couple of percentage points to the proportion of group sales coming from North America, taking it to around 26%," Mr. Watson said.

    Spectris Buys Omega for $475 Million

  • The combination will create the second-largest nongovernmental employer in the world, with more than 1.2 million employees, second only to U.S. retail giant Wal-Mart Stores Inc., and have pro-forma sales of £16 billion.

    Security-Service Firm G4S Bulks Up With Deal for ISS

  • But if we're going to extract resources from Federal lands, consent from local governments should be a requirement, not a meaningless pro-forma inquiry glossed over and passed by in the NEPA review process.

    Inauguration Day Discussion Topic: The Change You Need?

  • His aides drafted a pro-forma statement for Graham that promised simply that Reid would review the legislation.

    Wonkbook: Outside election spending up sevenfold; Obama gets incremental; how cap-and-trade failed; Lady Gaga on airplane safety

  • More Opinion: Contempt for the Constitution The 23-page opinion by the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel said the Senate's practice of holding pro-forma sessions, some lasting just seconds, can't be used as a way to block recess appointments, which presidents are allowed to make when the Senate isn't in session.

    Memo Says Steps Taken By Obama Are Legal

  • Other Republicans cited the Senate approval of a last-minute payroll tax extension during the pro-forma sessions as evidence that the Senate wasn't in a true recess.

    Memo Says Steps Taken By Obama Are Legal


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