from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any of various large, herbivorous mammals, of the order Proboscidea, that have a trunk; the elephants
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Proboscidian.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Having a proboscis or trunk; proboscidate or proboscidiferous; belonging to the mammalian order Proboscidea.
- Of or pertaining to a proboscis: as, “the proboscidean sheath of the Nemertines,”
- Also proboscidial, proboscoid.
- n. A mammal of the order Proboscidea; an elephantid or dinotheriid.
- n. Also proboscidian.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. massive herbivorous mammals having tusks and a long trunk
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The image above from Utah may look familiar to you as I blogged about it here a couple of months ago as one of the very few possible images of Pleistocene megafauna a proboscidean from North American rock art.
That said, here is another controversial image of a possible proboscidean from Renegade Canyon in the Coso Range, Inyo County, California.
His attachment to the mastodon puzzled me, and I wondered if he was taking on the letter “m” as well, until I noticed that he constantly referred to it as the “proboscidean mammal.”
But how could anyone get mad at that face, with its mournful, innocent eyes and its proboscidean mouth where its hair ought to be, tottering after him with the stride of a quadrupedal duck?
That big tertiary proboscidean did not live quite long enough, it is true, to be hunted by the cavemen of the Pleistocene age, but he survived at any rate as long as the Pliocene -- our day before yesterday -- and he often fell very likely before the fire-split flint weapons of the Abbé Bourgeois 'Miocene men.
At the other end of the table, close to where the food came from -- and where the people got served first -- was the German passenger, a man strongly built and with a ruddy face, fair hair, reddish beard, clumsy hands, and a very long nose which reminded one of the proboscidean feature of the plantigrades.
A rather more important consideration, as it seems to me, is that the whole proboscidean group may, I presume, be looked at as verging towards extinction: anyhow, the extinction has been complete as far as Europe and America are concerned.
As the proboscidean group seems to be from utterly unknown causes a failing group in many parts of the world, I should not have anticipated the formation of new races.
At first, the strange anatomy of the animals from China seemed to most closely resemble that of an extinct proboscidean which had recently been found in the strata of Nebraska by Erwin Hinckly Barbour.
As Delmer notes, there is still plenty of work to do, but enough has already been found to start a serious debate about this early part of proboscidean history.