from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a system of population control in the ex-USSR, (regional) residence permit, registration
- n. the stamp in the Soviet internal passport (serving as a personal ID) with the registered address.
- n. domicile, place where one lives (as stated in the stamp)
For example, a valid propiska was necessary to receive higher education or medical treatment.
Officially, propiska was introduced for statistical reasons: since in the planned economy of the Soviet Union the distribution of goods and services was centralized, the overall distribution of population was to be monitored.
Also, since there was no private ownership of real estate, having a propiska for an address meant that you had the right to live there.
In particular, passports were used to control and monitor the place of residence by means of propiska, a regulation in the Soviet Union designed to control internal population movement by binding a person to his or her permanent place of residence.