from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Psychology A stimulus, such as a reward, the removal of an unpleasant event, or a punishment, that in operant conditioning maintains or strengthens a desired response.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Something that reinforces; something that strengthens a behavior.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. One who reinforces or strengthens.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. (psychology) a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produced it
Sorry, no etymologies found.
In animal behavior, a reinforcer is a reward which tends to increase the frequency of a behavior.
I fully support using reinforcements to motivate certain behaviors, however it is counterproductive to reinforce a behavior you desire, such as doing well in school for the week, with a reinforcer such as candy which aside from tasting good has nothing but negative health consequences.
The whistle (cue) comes before the behavior and tells the animal what behavior to perform; the clicker (reinforcer) comes after the behavior and tells the animal that the behavior it just performed is reinforceable.
And, although praise is great, it's not a particularly powerful reinforcer; especially when compared to chasing birds!
A whistle is a cue and a clicker is a conditioned reinforcer.
One of the behavior modification methods discussed was pointing one's finger as a visual reinforcer in tandem with a verbal reinforcer being given to a child.
Quoting from one of his earlier reports, for the Poverty Law Center see my report last September, "Longitudinal studies have shown that students suspended in sixth grade are more likely to receive office referrals or suspensions by eighth grade, prompting some researchers to conclude that suspension may act more as a reinforcer than a punisher for inappropriate behavior...."
Ameliorator or reinforcer of prejudice against a marginalised group?
You can give the rat a reinforcer every time (continous reinforcement), or every three times, (fixed ratio reinforcement), it presses the button.
Why must an insanely miraculous athletic victory also be a reinforcer of cultural supremacy?