from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A partition or distribution, especially of slaves.
- n. An assessment of taxes.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A partition or distribution, especially of slaves; also, an assessment of taxes.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A partition or division; also, an assessment or allotment.
- n. In Spanish America, the distribution of certain sections of the country, including the native inhabitants (as peons), made by the early conquerors among their comrades and followers.
This experience launched Las Casas on his lifelong crusade against mistreatment of Indians, as exemplified by two institutions known as the encomienda and the repartimiento.
The repartimiento-encomienda, which developed early on, was an institution of great political, social, and economic importance.
Throughout the Spanish domainsespecially in the Caribbean and coastal areassugar plantations and mills evolved on the basis of slave labor, while haciendas used forced Indian labor (mita in Peru and repartimiento in New Spain) and resorted to debt peonage to retain workers.
Peasants felt particularly aggrieved by forced sales of goods (repartimiento de mercancías).
Your Majesty honoured Don Cristóval Paullu with titles and granted him a good _repartimiento_ of Indians, on which he principally lived.
This chief had been educated in the Franciscan convent at Vera Paz and was a man of unusual intelligence and superior courage; he married a beautiful Indian girl of good lineage and, with the Indians under his rule, was assigned in repartimiento to a Spaniard named Valenzuela, who began by robbing him of a valuable mare and ended by taking from him his wife.
Upon Pedro de la Renteria, the Governor conferred a repartimiento of lands and Indians adjoining the one given to Las Casas and the two had their business interests in common.
Casas received a valuable repartimiento of land and Indians in recognition of the services he had rendered during the expeditions, for, though he was the enemy of all cruel treatment and the protector of the natives against his callous-hearted countrymen, his conscience on the subject of repartimientos was not yet fully awakened.
The system of giving the Indians in encomienda and repartimiento is absolutely contrary to the royal commands issued by Queen Isabella to Columbus and his successors during her reign.
It also has been stated that to the bishop, Manso, was assigned a number of Indians in the repartimiento made by the Crown, and that successive bishops had retained a number of natives as Encomiendas to care for the cathedral; but the aborigines in Porto Rico were always well treated by the early missionaries, who included Las Casas.