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Xylem embolism in ring-porous, diffuse-porous, and coniferous trees of northern Utah and Alaska.
If the pores are readily visible, the wood is from a broadleaf tree; if the large pores are collected in a ring it belongs to the ring-porous division of the broadleaf woods.
All of our broadleaf woods are either ring-porous or diffuse-porous, though some of them, like the walnut, are nearly half way between the two groups.
A wood with its large pores collected into one row or in a single band is said to be _ring-porous_.
Even against freezing-induced cavitation are not spatially so, the trade-off between vessel diameter and freezing - segregated in different types of vessels like in species induced cavitation may be unclear due to the narrow with ring-porous wood.
On average, Q. ilex showed intermediate vessel diameter and total predicted hydraulic conductance values within those of the wide earlywood vessels and the narrow latewood vessels of the coexisting deciduous oaks with ring-porous wood