from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To scrape or rasp (a bone etc.); to scale.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. An instrument for scraping the periosteum from bones; a raspatory.
  • transitive v. To scrape or rasp, as a bone; to scale.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To scrape with a rugine.
  • To wipe with a rugine or nappy cloth.
  • n. A surgeons' rasp.
  • n. A nappy cloth.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

French ruginer to scrape.


  • When the wound of the scalp is small, so as to render difficult the determination of the extent of the fracture by exploration with the finger, it should be enlarged by crucial incisions, the flaps loosened from the cranium by a suitable scraper (_rugine_) and folded back out of the way, and any fragments of bone removed by the forceps

    Gilbertus Anglicus Medicine of the Thirteenth Century


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