from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n.pl. A division of Artiodactyla having four stomachs. This division includes the camels, deer, antelopes, goats, sheep, neat cattle, and allies.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- A series or section of artiodactyl ungulate mammals; the ruminants or ruminating animals, or hoofed quadrupeds that chew the cud.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. cattle; bison; sheep; goats; antelopes; deer; chevrotains; giraffes; camels
Sorry, no etymologies found.
And then on to ruminant, which verified my initial rumgumption about the cud-chewing, but included, also, a reference to the "ruminantia," which are "a division of even-toed, hoofed mammals" including some which do not chew the cud!
Of the non-ruminantia we have only the Suidae -- the peccaries belonging to America, and the hippopotami to Africa.
The digestive system of the ruminantia is more complicated in structure than that of any other class of animals; and, owing to this complexity, and the consequent difficulty of investigating it, its nature and functions have been less perfectly understood.
We will begin, therefore, with the animals belonging to the ruminantia -- the eighth in natural order; taking next the carnivora -- the fifth; and the smaller rodentia -- the sixth; while the birds and reptiles will follow in due course.
Finally, the pliocene gives us for the first time, oxen, deer, camels, and other specimens of the ruminantia.
The rasorial type comprehends most of the animals which become domesticated and useful to man, as, first, the fowls which give a name to the type, the ungulata, and more particularly the ruminantia, among quadrupeds, and the dog among the ferae.
Liberals tend to be more optimistic about the prospects for world order, and they perceive the common humanity ruminantia of the sheep and the goats.
_white_; and granting that it was invariably black, other genera of the ruminantia have the muzzle black: and therefore it cannot be said to be