from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A coniferous evergreen tree (Tetraclinis articulata) of Spain and northern Africa, having flattened branches, scalelike leaves, and bark that yields a hard brittle translucent resin used in varnishes.
- n. The resin of this tree.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. realgar; red sulphide of arsenic.
- n. A white or yellow resin obtained from a Barbary tree (Callitris quadrivalvis or Thuya articulata), and pulverized for pounce; probably so called from a resemblance to the mineral.
- n. Any tree from the genus Tetraclinis.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In mineralogy, red sulphuret, or protosulphuret, of arsenic; realgar.
- n. A resin in white tears, more transparent than those of mastic, which exudes from the bark of the sandarac-tree, Callitris quadrivalvis. (See sandarac-tree.)
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a brittle and faintly aromatic translucent resin used in varnishes
- n. durable fragrant wood; used in building (as in the roof of the cathedral at Cordova, Spain)
- n. large coniferous evergreen tree of North Africa and Spain having flattened branches and scalelike leaves yielding a hard fragrant wood; bark yields a resin used in varnishes
Warmth aids the combination of ingredients such as sandarac and spirit of wine; an even stronger heat is needed when adding turpentine.
From this time, and during many ages, the linseed-oil varnish, though composed of simpler materials (such as sandarac and mastic resin boiled in the oil), alone appears in the recipes hitherto brought to light. "
One ounce white rosin; one half ounce gum sandarac; one half ounce
A good waterproof wood polish is made thus: 1 pint alcohol, 2 oz. gum benzoin, 1/4 oz. gum sandarac, 1/4 oz. gum anime.
Other gums, as mastic, dammar, sandarac, and even resin are sometimes mixed with copal to cheapen the product or to cause more rapid drying.
There are two kinds, a native and an artificial, of which the former is the _sandarac_ of the ancients, and is rather redder than the latter.
Argan, kharob, and lotus, with the help of a few of the "arar" or gum sandarac trees, shut off the view to the right and left.
To imitate ground glass, use a composition of sandarac, 2-1/2 ounces; mastic, 1/2 ounce; ether, 24 ounces; and benzine, 16 ounces.
A good can varnish is made by dissolving 15 parts of shellac, and adding thereto 2 parts of Venice turpentine, 8 parts of sandarac, and 75 parts of spirits.
If you would have your varnish brilliant, use much sandarac -- it makes certainly a very hard varnish -- it is difficult to combine it with oil.