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Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A coniferous evergreen tree (Tetraclinis articulata) of Spain and northern Africa, having flattened branches, scalelike leaves, and bark that yields a hard brittle translucent resin used in varnishes.
  • n. The resin of this tree.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. realgar; red sulphide of arsenic.
  • n. A white or yellow resin obtained from a Barbary tree (Callitris quadrivalvis or Thuya articulata), and pulverized for pounce; probably so called from a resemblance to the mineral.
  • n. Any tree from the genus Tetraclinis.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In mineralogy, red sulphuret, or protosulphuret, of arsenic; realgar.
  • n. A resin in white tears, more transparent than those of mastic, which exudes from the bark of the sandarac-tree, Callitris quadrivalvis. (See sandarac-tree.)

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a brittle and faintly aromatic translucent resin used in varnishes
  • n. durable fragrant wood; used in building (as in the roof of the cathedral at Cordova, Spain)
  • n. large coniferous evergreen tree of North Africa and Spain having flattened branches and scalelike leaves yielding a hard fragrant wood; bark yields a resin used in varnishes

Etymologies

Middle English sandaracha, from Latin, red pigment, from Greek sandarakē, realgar.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin sandaraca, from Ancient Greek σανδαράκη (sandarakē, "realgar"). (Wiktionary)

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