from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A colorless crystalline compound, C15H18O3, obtained from species of wormwood, especially santonica, and used as an anthelmintic.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An anthelmintic found in santonica and related plants.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A white crystalline substance having a bitter taste, extracted from the buds of levant wormseed and used as an anthelmintic. It occassions a peculiar temporary color blindness, causing objects to appear as if seen through a yellow glass.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A bitter substance (C15H18O3), the active principle of santonica, or wormseed.
NIGAM, M.C. and RAO, P.R. (1967) Simultaneous production of essential oil and santonin from Artemisia sp.
Cairo: Egyptian Pharmaceutical Society, 738 pp. MALIK, A. and DUBASH, M.E. (1979) Estimation of santonin in Artemisia and its extraction.
Epsom salts, powdered areca nut and santonin are the remedies commonly recommended for the treatment of intestinal worms.
Both the areca nut and santonin may be given with the feed.
Thus, observation shows that poisoning by rose-santonin (that well-known worm remedy to which children are so abnormally sensitive) causes a long-enduring, bitter taste; sub-cutaneous morphine poisoning causes illusory bitter and sour tastes.
These effects are probably due to a central excitation of a similar nature to that produced by santonin.
As santonin is almost entirely tasteless, if not combined with other medicines which are unpalatable, no difficulty will be experienced in administering it to children.
(santonin makes it red; rhubarb or senna, brown; tar or carbolic acid, green).