from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- adjective Thin, membranous, and dry.
from The Century Dictionary.
- In botany, thin, dry, and membranaceous, as the involucral bracts of many Compositæ: contrasted with herbaceous.
- In zoology, scaly; scurfy; furfuraceous.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- adjective botany
thin, dry, membranous, and not green
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
Each female catkin has a separate peduncle, charged with reddish, scarious, lanceolate scales, and is surrounded at its base with a double row of the same scales, which served to envelop it before it expanded; its form is perfectly oval, and its total length about half an inch.
It consists of aerial branches and underground rhizomiferous stems, bearing thick fibrous roots and numerous buds covered by scarious sheaths.
In some instances the assumption of a scale-like form by any organ is attended by a change in texture, the organs becoming dry and scarious, or fleshy.
Ligule the thin, scarious projection found at the top of the leaf sheath where it joins the blade in grasses, 3.
The bracts of spring-shoots are the scarious bud-scales of the previous winter; but the bracts of summer-shoots have the form and green color of the primary leaf.
With the permanent appearance of the secondary leaves the green primaries disappear and their place is taken by bud-scales, which in the spring and summer persist as scarious bracts, each subtending a fascicle of secondary leaves.
The summer-shoot may be recognized, during growth, by its green, not scarious bracts and, at the end of the season, by the imperfect growth of its wood and foliage (fig. 14).
The winter-bud is an aggregate of minute buds, each concealed in the axil of a primary leaf converted into a scarious, more or less fimbriate, bud-scale.
Common calyx cylindrical, 2 circles of oval, scarious leaflets around its border, 11 hermaphrodite disk-flowers and about 5 pistillate ray-flowers.
However, over the course of the subsequent winter months, bracts and sepals become scarious, drying to a light brown.