from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun The head of a school, especially of an Athenian school of philosophy.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • The name of his successor as scholarch, who probably oversaw the final demise of the Academy as an institution, is also unclear.

    Philo of Larissa

  • Philo was elected to replace him in that year, and remained the scholarch until his death in 84/3 BC.

    Philo of Larissa

  • It is not certain, for instance, whether Antiochus succeeded Philo as scholarch or what institutional status the group formed in Athens by Antiochus and his followers enjoyed.

    Antiochus of Ascalon

  • He became the scholarch after Crates 'death, and led the school for more than 25 years until his own death in 241/0 BCE.


  • One tendency, led by Clitomachus, Carneades 'student and eventual successor as scholarch, favored what we may call a radical skeptical position embracing both doctrines.

    Antiochus of Ascalon

  • In addition to his studies in the Academy, he found time to study dialectic (the discipline that corresponds most closely to present-day logic) with Diogenes of Babylon, the fifth scholarch of the Stoa and a pupil of Chrysippus.


  • Chrysippus, the third scholarch of the Stoa, was the principal architect of the Stoic philosophical system and the most important stimulus to Carneades, who is reported to have said, "If Chrysippus had not been, I would not have been" (a version of the saying, "If Chrysippus had not been, there would have been no Stoa").


  • After his death (264), Cleanthes of Assium (b. 331; d. 232) became head of the school; Chrysippus of Soli (b. 280), succeeded and was scholarch until 204.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 14: Simony-Tournon

  • Plato's School, like Aristotle's, was organized by Plato himself and handed over at the time of his death to his nephew Speusippus, the first scholarch, or ruler of the school.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 12: Philip II-Reuss

  • His arguments were initially preserved by his students ” including Pythodorus, who wrote up some of them, and Lakydes, his successor as scholarch ” and in the work of his opponents, most notably, the Stoic Chrysippus, whose reformulation of Stoicism was prompted by Arcesilaus 'criticisms of the views of the first generation of Stoics.



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