from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of plants of the family Asteraceæ. It contains three species, natives of the Mediterranean region. S. Hispanicus, the Spanish oyster-plant or golden thistle, is sometimes cultivated for its edible root, which is used like that of salsify. Other species are rarely grown for ornament.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. small genus of thistlelike herbs of the Mediterranean region
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The photo above shows stout seedlings of Cynara scolymus ‘Violet de Provence’, free seeds that came with an issue of the British magazine Gardens Illustrated last year.
The artichoke is the large flower bud of a kind of thistle, Cynara scolymus, native to the Mediterranean region.
Cardoons Cardoons are the leaf stalks of Cynara cardunculus, the Mediterranean plant from which the artichoke C. scolymus apparently descends; the stalks are often covered for several weeks before harvest to protect them from sunlight, or blanch them.
Prunus dulcis amaranth (some species and varieties grown primarily for leaves, others for grain), Amaranthus spp. apple, Malus spp. apricot, Prunus armeniaca artichoke, globe, Cynara scolymus artichoke, Jerusalem, Helianthus tuberosus arugola
They are boiled in the manner of the parsnip, and served plain at the table; or they may be cooked in all the forms of salsify or scolymus.
What it is: The dried extract of the leaf of the artichoke plant also known as Cynara scolymus.