Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A fatal neurodegenerative disease of sheep and goats caused by a prion and marked by chronic itching and loss of muscular coordination.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun A degenerative prion disease of sheep and goats that attacks the central nervous system.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a fatal disease of sheep characterized by chronic itching and loss of muscular control and progressive degeneration of the central nervous system

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[From scrape (from the scraping of itching parts of the skin against objects).]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From scrape +‎ -ie.

Examples

  • Although well-established in scrapie and, more recently, in BSE, comparatively little is known about the possibility of prion strains in chronic wasting disease (CWD), a disease affecting free ranging and captive cervids, primarily in North America.

    CWD Worse Than Ever In Wisconsin Counties

  • Although well-established in scrapie and, more recently, in BSE, comparatively little is known about the possibility of prion strains in chronic wasting disease (CWD), a disease affecting free ranging and captive cervids, primarily in North America.

    CWD Worse Than Ever In Wisconsin Counties

  • However, to test the broader implications of our results, simulations carried out with different dominance assumptions (i.e. SL/RH genotypes are also susceptible to scrapie and have different lamb mortality rates than SL/SL genotypes) resulted in similar long-term scrapie persistence patterns, albeit for different ranges of model parameters.

    PLoS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • Extensive search through the model parameter space produced only long-term scrapie persistence for ε3 ≥ 0.01.

    PLoS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • BSE originated in the early 1980s when cattle were fed by-products from sheep suffering from a brain disease called scrapie, whose cause appears to be a chemically stable protein aggregate called a prion.

    On Food and Cooking, The Science and Lore of the Kitchen

  • BSE originated in the early 1980s when cattle were fed by-products from sheep suffering from a brain disease called scrapie, whose cause appears to be a chemically stable protein aggregate called a prion.

    On Food and Cooking, The Science and Lore of the Kitchen

  • The steady state prevalence is however the same for different values of β1 corresponding to long-term scrapie persistence (

    PLoS ONE Alerts: New Articles

  • According to Richard Rhodes '"Deadly Feasts", all about the mutation of the disease called "scrapie" in sheep that became BSE in cows, then Creutzfeld-Jakob in humans, those unused brains and bones have been ground up and used in fertilizer as well as, at one time, cattle feed.

    Your Right Hand Thief

  • For many years after their discovery as the agents of some rare neurodegenerative diseases in mammals, such as scrapie in sheep and human Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and kuru, prions have remained a truly esoteric research topic.

    Of Prions and People - The Panda's Thumb

  • "I didn't drive it particularly well, so I was a little 'scrapie' on the front nine," he said.

    Columnist: Keith Groller

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