Definitions

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Etymologies

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Examples

  • To the south, there are dense podocarp forests and in the west, mountain beech (Northofagus solandri cliffortioides) or beech/podocarp forest grows along with great expanses of fire-induced red tussocks below the treeline.

    Northland temperate forests

  • Black beech (Nothofagus solandri solandri) dominates the drier ridges.

    Nelson Coast temperate forests

  • Mountain beech (N. solandri cliffortioides), and silver beech in wetter areas, grow on steeper slopes up to the treeline.

    Richmond temperate forests

  • Two seabirds with restricted breeding ranges, the providence petrel (Pterodroma solandri) and white-necked petrel (P. cervicalis) have been reported breeding on Philip Island.

    Norfolk Island subtropical forests

  • Lord Howe is now the only known breeding ground for providence petrel Pterodroma solandri, although it also probably breeds on Ball's Pyramid.

    Lord Howe Island Group, Australia

  • Below the treeline, mountain beech (Nothofagus solandri cliffortoides) is generally dominant on steep hillsides while silver beech (N. menziesii) and red beech (N. fusca) line the lower slopes and alpine valleys below about 1,200 m.

    Southland montane grasslands

  • At higher altitudes, beech forest occurs with red beech Nothofagus fusca, silver beech N. menziesii and mountain beech N. solandri var cliffortioides in pure stands totalling over 5,000 ha, or with L. bidwillii from 750 m to 1,530 m and covering 12,730 ha.

    Tongariro National Park, New Zealand

  • This stunted, gnarled forest is an important haven for the endemic Lord Howe woodhen (Gallirallus sylvestris), and is used as a breeding ground by Providence petrels (Pterodoma solandri).

    Lord Howe Island subtropical forests

  • The cold-tolerant silver beech (N. menziesii) dominates the fjord area right down to sea level, while inland red beech (N. fusca) lines the valley floors with mountain beech (N. solandri var. cliffortioides) at higher altitudes in the drier eastern mountains.

    Fiordland temperate forests

  • Usually a small tree, Acacia solandri is found in light rainforest or more open communities close to the sea.

    Chapter 8

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