Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Spruce (attributive); used in taxonomic names for organisms that often have English names of the form "Spruce's ..."

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Named in a pseudo-Latin manner for any of several naturalists named Spruce.

Examples

  • Some low forest associations are Bonnetia neblinae and Neotatea neblinae; Podocarpus roraimae, Schefflera umbellata, Daphnopsis steyermarkii, Psychotria jauaensis, Befaria sprucei, and Weinmannia velutina; and the endemic-dominated association on the Cerro Yapacana of Bonnetia tristyla, Tepuianthus yapacanensis, Symplocos yapacanensis, and Gongylolepis yapacana.

    Canaima National Park, Venezuela

  • A characteristic high campinarana forest association includes the tree species Eperua leucantha, E. purpurea, Micrandra sprucei, Catostemma sclerophyllum, Hevea viridis, and Macrolobium unijugum.

    Rio Negro campinarana

  • Some vegetation associations in these low forests are Bonnetia neblinae and Neotatea neblinae; Podocarpus roraimae, Schefflera umbellata, Daphnopsis steyermarkii, Psychotria jauaensis, Befaria sprucei, and Weinmannia velutina; and the endemic-dominated association on the Cerro Yapacana of Bonnetia tristyla, Tepuianthus yapacanensis, Symplocos yapacanensis, and Gongylolepis yapacana.

    Tepuis

  • Other species are very valuable for the non-wood products they provide; this is true of the tagua palm (Phytelephas aequatorialis) and "barbasco" (Jacquinia sprucei).

    Ecuadorian dry forests

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