Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A scale or scalelike structure.
  • n. A thin platelike mass, as of bone.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A scale cast off from the skin; a thin dry shred of epithelium.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A scale cast off from the skin; a thin dry shred consisting of epithelium.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In botany, a scale of any sort, usually the homologuo of a leaf.
  • n. In anatomy and zoology: A scale, as of the epidermis.
  • n. A thin, expansive, scalelike part of a bone: as, the squama of the temporal bone (the squamosal); the squama of the occipital bone (the supra-occipital).
  • n. In ornithology, a scale-like feather, as one of those upon a penguin's wing or the throat of a humming-bird. See cut under Squamipennes.
  • n. In entomology, an elytrum.
  • n. The scale-like exopodite of a crustacean antenna.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a protective structure resembling a scale

Etymologies

Latin squāma.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin a scale. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Projecting from the lower part of the squama is a long, arched process, the zygomatic process.

    II. Osteology. 5a. 4. The Temporal Bone

  • Of squama aeris, as much as three specilla can contain, with the gluten of summer wheat: levigate, pound, form into pills, and give; it purges water downwards.

    On Regimen In Acute Diseases

  • Pangolin squama composite nanostructures, non-smooth surfaces

    The Speculist: Why Invent When You Can Discover?

  • The mountainous wilderness which I had lately traversed appeared regularly undulated as the great ocean after a tempest; the undulations gradually depressing, yet perfectly regular, as the squama of fish, or imbrications of tile on a roof: the nearest ground to me of a perfect full green; next more glaucous; and lastly almost blue as the ether with which the most distant curve of the horizon seemed to be blended.

    Cold Mountain

  • Calypter: Diptera; the alula or squama when it covers the haltere.

    Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology

  • Anterior squama: = antisquama; q.v. Anterior stigmatal tubercle: on thoracic and abdominal segment of caterpillars; varies from substigmatal to stigmatal anterior; sometimes united to IV: it is V of the abdominal series, IV of the thorax (Dyar).

    Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology

  • Aileron: the scale covering the base of primaries in some insects; see tegulae in Diptera = alula and squama, q.v. Air-sacs or vesicles: pouch-like expansions of tracheal tubes in heavy insects, capable of inflation and supposed to lessen specific gravity.

    Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology

  • Alulae: Diptera; a pair of membranous scales above the halteres, behind the root of the wing, one above or before the other; the anterior attached to the wing and moving with it, the posterior fastened to the thorax and stationary; see calyptra; squama; squamula; lobulus; axillary lobe; aileron; scale; tegulae: Coleoptera;

    Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology

  • Antisquama: Diptera; the upper of the two which moves with the wings; = antitegula; see also squama.

    Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology

  • —The squama forms the anterior and upper part of the bone, and is scale-like, thin, and translucent.

    II. Osteology. 5a. 4. The Temporal Bone

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